Key Parts of a Share Purchase Agreement in Singapore

January 3, 2024

A Share Buy Agreement (SPA) is a vital document within the realm of corporate transactions, particularly within the context of shopping for or selling shares in a Singaporean company. It outlines the phrases and conditions of the sale and serves as a legally binding contract between the buyer and the seller. Understanding the key parts of a Share Purchase Agreement is essential for anybody concerned in such transactions in Singapore.

Parties Concerned:

The SPA begins by figuring out the parties concerned within the transaction. This section typically consists of the legal names and addresses of the client(s) and seller(s) along with their respective roles. Within the context of a share purchase, the buyer is usually referred to because the “Purchaser,” and the seller is the “Vendor.”

Buy Worth:

The Buy Value is without doubt one of the most critical elements of a Share Buy Agreement. This part outlines the total amount to be paid by the Purchaser to accumulate the shares. It might specify the currency and the payment schedule, including any adjustments for debt, working capital, or other relevant factors.

Description of Shares:

This part of the SPA provides an in depth description of the shares being sold. It includes the number of shares, their class, and any special rights or restrictions hooked up to them. Additionally, it may specify whether or not the shares are free from any encumbrances or restrictions.

Conditions Precedent:

Conditions precedent are requirements that must be met earlier than the transaction can proceed. Common conditions embrace obtaining vital regulatory approvals, shareholder consents, and compliance with applicable laws. This section outlines these conditions and the responsibilities of both parties in fulfilling them.

Representations and Warranties:

Representations and warranties are statements made by the parties in regards to the state of the company and the transaction. The Seller typically makes representations in regards to the company’s monetary health, legal compliance, and different key aspects. If any of these representations turn out to be false, the Purchaser may have legal recourse. Conversely, the Purchaser might make representations concerning their ability to finish the transaction.


Covenants are promises made by the parties relating to their future actions or obligations. These can include non-competition agreements, confidentiality clauses, and restrictions on the corporate’s operations through the transaction process. Covenants are essential for protecting the interests of both parties.


Indemnification clauses specify the parties’ responsibilities for any losses or liabilities that will arise publish-transaction. It particulars the scope of indemnification, the time limit for making claims, and the process for resolving disputes related to indemnification.

Closing Conditions:

The SPA outlines the conditions that must be happy for the transaction to close successfully. These can embody the delivery of all mandatory documents, the payment of the purchase price, and the transfer of shares. The agreement also specifies the date and placement of the closing.


In case the transaction can’t proceed or one party fails to meet its obligations, the SPA defines the circumstances under which the agreement will be terminated. This section may also define the implications of termination, together with the return of any deposits or expenses incurred.

Governing Law and Jurisdiction:

The SPA typically specifies the governing law (Singapore law, in this case) that will apply to the agreement and the jurisdiction where disputes will be resolved. This ensures clarity and predictability in case legal points arise.

Miscellaneous Clauses:

Numerous other clauses may be included within the SPA, depending on the specifics of the transaction. These can include dispute resolution mechanisms, force majeure provisions, and notices to be given between the parties.

In conclusion, a Share Buy Agreement in Singapore is a comprehensive document that governs the sale of shares in a company. Understanding its key elements is vital for all parties concerned in such transactions to make sure clarity, protection of rights, and a smooth transaction process. It’s advisable to seek legal counsel when drafting or entering right into a Share Purchase Agreement to ensure compliance with Singaporean laws and regulations and to protect the interests of each the buyer and the seller.

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