Key Parts of a Share Buy Agreement in Singapore

January 3, 2024

A Share Buy Agreement (SPA) is a crucial document within the realm of corporate transactions, particularly in the context of buying or selling shares in a Singaporean company. It outlines the phrases and conditions of the sale and serves as a legally binding contract between the buyer and the seller. Understanding the key parts of a Share Buy Agreement is essential for anybody involved in such transactions in Singapore.

Parties Involved:

The SPA begins by figuring out the parties involved in the transaction. This section typically contains the legal names and addresses of the buyer(s) and seller(s) along with their respective roles. Within the context of a share buy, the customer is commonly referred to because the “Purchaser,” and the seller is the “Vendor.”

Buy Worth:

The Purchase Price is without doubt one of the most critical elements of a Share Buy Agreement. This part outlines the total quantity to be paid by the Purchaser to accumulate the shares. It might specify the currency and the payment schedule, including any adjustments for debt, working capital, or different relevant factors.

Description of Shares:

This section of the SPA provides a detailed description of the shares being sold. It includes the number of shares, their class, and any special rights or restrictions attached to them. Additionally, it may specify whether or not the shares are free from any encumbrances or restrictions.

Conditions Precedent:

Conditions precedent are requirements that must be met earlier than the transaction can proceed. Common conditions embody obtaining vital regulatory approvals, shareholder consents, and compliance with applicable laws. This section outlines these conditions and the responsibilities of both parties in fulfilling them.

Representations and Warranties:

Representations and warranties are statements made by the parties in regards to the state of the company and the transaction. The Seller typically makes representations in regards to the company’s financial health, legal compliance, and different key aspects. If any of those representations turn out to be false, the Purchaser might have legal recourse. Conversely, the Purchaser may make representations concerning their ability to complete the transaction.


Covenants are promises made by the parties concerning their future actions or obligations. These can embrace non-competition agreements, confidentiality clauses, and restrictions on the corporate’s operations throughout the transaction process. Covenants are essential for protecting the interests of each parties.


Indemnification clauses specify the parties’ responsibilities for any losses or liabilities which will come up post-transaction. It details the scope of indemnification, the time limit for making claims, and the process for resolving disputes associated to indemnification.

Closing Conditions:

The SPA outlines the conditions that must be happy for the transaction to close successfully. These can embrace the delivery of all necessary documents, the payment of the acquisition value, and the switch of shares. The agreement also specifies the date and location of the closing.


In case the transaction can’t proceed or one party fails to satisfy its obligations, the SPA defines the circumstances under which the agreement might be terminated. This section might also outline the implications of termination, together with the return of any deposits or bills incurred.

Governing Law and Jurisdiction:

The SPA typically specifies the governing law (Singapore law, in this case) that will apply to the agreement and the jurisdiction the place disputes will be resolved. This ensures clarity and predictability in case legal issues arise.

Miscellaneous Clauses:

Numerous different clauses may be included within the SPA, depending on the specifics of the transaction. These can embody dispute resolution mechanisms, force majeure provisions, and notices to be given between the parties.

In conclusion, a Share Purchase Agreement in Singapore is a comprehensive document that governs the sale of shares in a company. Understanding its key components is vital for all parties concerned in such transactions to ensure clarity, protection of rights, and a smooth transaction process. It’s advisable to seek legal counsel when drafting or coming into into a Share Purchase Agreement to make sure compliance with Singaporean laws and laws and to protect the interests of both the buyer and the seller.

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